There exists a great deal of history behind movie posters and movie poster collecting. Jules Cheret, who created 2 film posters in the 1890’s, was the designer given credit for creating the first film posters. By the end of the first decade of the 1900’s, movies had become a great source of public entertainment. On this time period, the movie poster would be a standard size known as the one sheet measuring 27″ x 41″.
Within the early days, the names of actors did not appear on the posters, which the movie studios liked, because it meant having to pay actors less money. It was in this early period in movie history, however , that movie studios realized movie stars were as much of an attraction towards the moviegoer as the movie itself. Therefore, the movie star was born, and film posters began showcasing actors’ names along with the title of the movie.
By the 1920’s, the golden age of quiet movies, movie posters became more artistic and spectacular, with accomplished artists being hired by film studios to paint portraits from the stars for posters. By the past due 1920’s, movie poster images grew to become sharper due to a new printing process developed by the Morgan Litho Organization.
In the 1930’s, also known in the movie industry as “The Golden Age of Movies”, another style of movie poster was created, the half sheet. Major movies would sometimes get more than the two styles. However , due to the despression symptoms, many movie materials were getting created more cheaply, causing a loss of quality in movie paper prints.
The dawn of World War II in 1941 saw many of the movie stars going to war and war was the major theme of movies during that time. The movie industry cut advertising costs and used cheaper paper to get posters due to the paper shortage of wartime.
By the 1970’s, movie posters used photography, occasionally using sketching and painting styles. Movie paper prints at this time were being printed on the clay-coated paper, which gave them a glossy finish. Star Wars and Star Trek posters were the most popular posters of the time and are still gathered by many today.
In the 1980’s, age the special effects blockbuster, the small sheet was invented, and movie stores became popular, thus the video store poster was created. Today, reprints of movie posters are mass-produced plus sold in many stores or are just a click away on the Internet. There are many types of movie posters. Because of their rarity, the avid movie poster collector has concentrated on movie poster or theater art. These are the particular posters that are delivered and shown by the movie theaters and then intended to end up being thrown away. Another type of movie poster is the commercial poster, which is mass-produced regarding direct sale to the public. Movie posters are distributed to video rental stores for advertising material. Wire and TV posters are use as promotional material for TELEVISION stations for their programming. Like theater art, video posters and cable connection and TV posters are not produced for the public. Although not as precious as theater art, these types of paper prints are still popular among collectors. Special promotion posters promote a movie along with a product. Finally, there are anniversary issues, restricted editions, and special releases which are released in limited quantities and they are gaining favor with the theatre art collector. Other types of movie paper prints include advance posters that advertise a movie well ahead of the movie’s launch. The award poster, which shows that a movie has won a good Academy award. The combo poster, advertising two movies instead of just one. The popular double-sided poster that has artwork on both sides, with the artwork reversed on one side of the poster. You will find featurette posters highlighting short movies or cartoons, review posters with regard to when a movie gets a good evaluation, serial posters for movie serials, and special distribution posters.
Using the popularity of movie posters has come the necessity to create various sizes associated with posters. The first and most widely used poster is the one sheet, which is generally 27″ x 41″. The subway, also known as the two sheet, is larger but not exactly two times the size of the main one sheet. The 3 sheet will be three times the size of the one sheet measuring at 41″ x 81″. The 6 sheet is six moments the size of the one sheet measuring associated with 81″ x 81″. There is also a 12 sheet approximately twelve times the dimensions of an one sheet, and the colossal size 24 sheet measuring 246″ by by 108″. Other sizes range from the mini sheet, which is usually much smaller than the one sheet and comes in a variety of sizes, and the stock page issued for cartoons or additional shorts.
As with all collectibles, condition is a great factor when placing the value on posters. A movie poster’s value is determined by demand, rarity, and condition. Poster collectors use the exact same grade system used by comic book collectors: mint (perfect), near great, very good, good, fair, and poor.
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For those who want to be serious movie poster collectors, you will need to know some reasons for taking care of your movie poster artwork.
Tips to retain the total collectable value of movie posters
Never alter the look of a poster. Do not fold, bend, tear, or punch holes within it even to hang it on your wall structure.
Never place a movie poster within direct sunlight. UV lights can also be harmful.
Don’t write on your poster, also on the back. Marks on the back again can sometimes be seen from the other aspect, taking away from the poster’s value.
Never put tape on the front of a poster even to repair tears. If you do use tape, use acid free video tape available from an art supply store, and place the tape on the back. For expensive movie art bring it to a professional to be restored. Posters can be restored the same way rare comic books are professionally restored.